Society for the Promotion of the Egyptian Museum Berlin

Thirty centuries sculpture

  • Statuenkopf
  • Oberteil einer Figur des Königs Amenophis II.
  • Photo:Sculpture
  • Upper part of a statue of king Amenemhet III
  • Photo: xxxxxxxxxxxx
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Room 1.09: The human form

It seems appropriate to present the history of the thirty centuries through the changing concept of human representations. The spotlight is on two masterpieces which are two millennia apart and yet adhere to the same formal laws; the alert, open expression on the portrait bust, dating back to the age of the pyramids around 2500 BC, meeting the introverted gaze of the Green Head, dated to ca. 400 BC, the embodiment of the wisdom of an ancient but unabatedly creative culture. The austere portraits of the Old Kingdom, the individualism of the faces of the Middle Kingdom, the sensitivity of the heads of the Amarna Period, the classical works of the Late Period, and the works influenced by Hellenist encounters, show the historic change in the human image.

Room 1.10: Pharaoh

Pharaoh, 'the great house”, is the epitome of three millennia of historic and cultural continuity. The statues of the kings and queens change little in stance and dress over this period. However, their facial features bear witness to the association of each ruler with the political reality of his or her time. Pharaoh is human, not divine, but as one who intercedes and brings sacrifice stands closer to God than other mortals.


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