Berlin is in the unique position to own three grave chapels dating to the time of pyramids (ca. 2600Â-2300 BC) , which display a large amount of scenes of handicraft and farm work of the animal and plant world produce a kind of handbook of life on the Nile. The main element of the chamber is the false door behind which the shaft to the burial chamber used to be.The grave chapels were not visible since their evacuation from the museum for protection in 1939 and can now for the first time be rediscovered.
In the reconstructed walls of the courtyard destroyed during the war can be seen ancient Egyptian temple reliefs from Karnak and from the Temple of Queen Hatshepsut in Deir el-Bahari. They show a ceremonial procession on the Nile escorted by Egyptian soldiers and Nubian mercenaries.The reliefs from the Sun Temple of Ni-user-Rê in Abu Gurob which show animals of the desert and the people going about their daily work, building boats and tending their crops, merge to a figurative hymn to the creative power of God. The very shallow reliefs preserved in their original colours belong to a sequence of pictures which depict the seasons in a series of typical scenes.